The contract was concluded between Ramses II and Hatusiliš III during the twenty-first year of government (about 1258 BC). Its eighteen articles call for peace between Egypt and Hatti, and then claim that their respective people also demand peace. It contains many elements found in more modern treaties, but it is broader than the mere declaration of the end of hostilities in subsequent treaties. It also contains a reciprocity pact in the event that one of the empires is attacked by a third party or in the event of an internal dispute. There are articles on the forced repatriation of refugees and provisions that they should not be harmed, which could be considered the first extradition treaty. There are also threats of retaliation if the treaty is broken. In any long-running violent conflict, transgressions against justice are inevitable. Peace agreements must be structured in such a way as to recognize these offences and, in most cases, to bring justice to the victims. Michelle Maiese`s “Addressing Injustice” section defines a framework for categorizing injustice and then strategies to address injustice in the structure of peace agreements. The terms “comprehensive agreements” and “Framework Agreements” are often used synonymously. There is, however, a small difference between the two types of agreements: Sekou Damate Conneh, leader of the main group, signs a peace pact on 18 August 2003 in Accra. (AFP/Getty Images) While categorizing each document negotiated during a peace process is often difficult, the following common classifications, used by the UN to distinguish between different types of peace agreements:  The procedural components define the processes that establish and will maintain peace. They define how a peace process has been put in place by defining the processes and measures that contribute to peacebuilding.
This includes establishing timetables and institutions to facilitate the implementation of key issues such as elections, justice, human rights and disarmament. Nepalese Prime Minister Girija Prasad Koirala (l.) meets with Maoist Chariman Prachanda (R) during the signing of a peace agreement in Kathmandu on 21 November 2006. (DEVENDRA M SINGH/AFP/Getty Images) Most peace agreements address three main concerns: procedure, content and organization. Sometimes peace agreements can only be negotiated when the parties concerned can agree on some form of security guarantees. Jill Freeman discusses the value of security assurances as an effective peacebuilding strategy.